Accession Number : ADA330117

Title :   U.S. Agricultural Exports Strong Growth Likely But U.S. Export Assistance Programs' Contribution Uncertain

Corporate Author : GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL A FFAIRS DIV

PDF Url : ADA330117

Report Date : 30 SEP 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 51

Abstract : Domestic agricultural policy in the United States was significantly changed by the 1996 Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform (FAIR) Act. Although it continues to provide income support to farmers for the next 5 years, FAIR reduces the government's role in regulating the production of bulk commodities such as wheat and corn and provides the agricultural sector and farmers enhanced flexibility to respond to domestic and international market conditions. We assessed (1) the way in which FAIR will likely affect U.S. agricultural exports and (2) the continued relevance of U.S. agricultural export assistance programs. To address FAIR'S potential impact on U.S. exports, we interviewed a wide range of U.S. and competitor nation agricultural experts, analyzed available studies and reports authored by some of these experts, and reviewed and discussed the agricultural trade components of various economic models. To evaluate the programs' relevance, we reviewed both qualitative and quantitative evidence regarding the extent to which the programs benefit the overall U.S. economy, benefit the U.S. agricultural sector and specific U.S. commodities, counter competitor nations' agricultural export programs, and promote U.S. trade negotiating objectives.

Descriptors :   *EXPORTS, *AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS, *ECONOMIC FORECASTING, POLICIES, MARKET RESEARCH, PRODUCTION, INTERNATIONAL POLITICS, ECONOMIC IMPACT, COST ESTIMATES, DOMESTIC, MACROECONOMICS, REGULATIONS, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, COMMODITIES, FEDERAL LAW, CORN, ECONOMIC MODELS, WHEAT.

Subject Categories : Agricultural Economics
      Administration and Management

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE