Accession Number : ADA330204

Title :   American Elder (Sambucus canadensis): Section 7.5.7, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Wildlife Resources Management Manual.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.

Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS ENVIRONMENTAL LAB

Personal Author(s) : Martin, Chester O. ; Mott, Sarah P.

PDF Url : ADA330204

Report Date : AUG 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 21

Abstract : A plant materials report on American elder (Sambucus canadensis) is provided as Section 7.5.7 of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Wildlife Resources Management Manual. The report was prepared as a guide to assist the Corps District or project biologist with the selection, cultivation, and management of suitable plant materials for wildlife and habitat management programs. Major topics covered are description, distribution, habitat requirements, wildlife value, establishment, maintenance, and cautions and limitations. American elder (also called elderberry) is a native, deciduous shrub of the eastern United States that usually occurs in moist, fertile soils in open or semi-open areas and along habitat edges. Elderberry is beneficial to numerous song and game birds because of its heavy summer fruit production and the formation of thickets that provide cover for a variety of species American elder is a good species to establish for wildlife habitat improvement and is considered one of the best short, summer-fruiting shrubs for wildlife. Plants can be established singly or in clumps to form thickets and hedges and can serve as an abstractive landscape plant Information is provided on site selection, site preparation, propagules, planting methods, and maintenance requirements.

Descriptors :   *RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, *HABITATS, *WILDLIFE, REQUIREMENTS, UNITED STATES, PRODUCTION, PREPARATION, EDGES, ARMY, BIRDS, SELECTION, GAME THEORY, SUMMER, EAST(DIRECTION), FRUITS, PLANTING, SHRUBS.

Subject Categories : Biology
      Ecology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE