Accession Number : ADA330592

Title :   Species Profile: Gopher Tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) on Military Installations in the Southeastern United States.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS

Personal Author(s) : Wilson, Dawn S. ; Mushinsky, Henry R. ; Fischer, Richard A.

PDF Url : ADA330592

Report Date : SEP 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 39

Abstract : The gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) is the only tortoise that occurs east of the Mississippi River. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has separated the species into two main populations. The western population (southwest Mississippi and southeast Louisiana) is Federally listed as threatened; the eastern population, which occurs in southern Alabama and Georgia, extreme southwestern South Carolina, and most of Florida, is a former candidate for listing as threatened. Gopher tortoises occupy a wide range of open, upland habitats with a well-drained, deep sandy substrate, primarily longleaf pine-xerophytic oak woodlands (sandhills). They have been documented on several military installations in the Southeast. This report is one of a series of 'Species Profiles' being developed for threatened, endangered, and sensitive species inhabiting southeastern United States plant communities. The work is being conducted as part of the Department of Defense (DoD) Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP). The report is designed to supplement information provided in plant community management reports for major United States plant communities found on military installations. Information provided on the gopher tortoise includes status, life history and ecology, habitat requirements, impacts and cause of decline, management and protection, and inventory and monitoring.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY FACILITIES, *HABITATS, *ENDANGERED SPECIES, *TURTLES, POPULATION, PROFILES, HISTORY, INVENTORY, ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, MISSISSIPPI RIVER, ALABAMA, SOUTH CAROLINA, WILDLIFE, FLORIDA, ECOLOGY, GEORGIA, LOUISIANA.

Subject Categories : Biology
      Environmental Health and Safety

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE