Accession Number : ADA331227

Title :   Background and Instrumentation for the Helicopter Instrument Scan Pattern Research Conducted at NAS Whiting Field

Descriptive Note : Technical memorandum

Corporate Author : NAVAL AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LAB PENSACOLA FL

Personal Author(s) : Temme, L. A. ; Still, D. L.

PDF Url : ADA331227

Report Date : 14 JUN 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 19

Abstract : Effectively scanning and interpreting flight instruments are crucially important skills for pilots. Despite the facts that much of pilot training is devoted to developing an effective scan and that virtually all successful pilots have effective scans, there is surprisingly little objective information about instrument scan patterns. Most studies of scan patterns have used either pilots' self reports of their scanning or measurements made with relatively invasive eye tracking procedures, procedures so invasive as to have likely affected the behavior they were intended to measure in the first place. Furthermore, almost all of these studies have been executed under laboratory conditions that were at best poor or low fidelity emulations of the aviation task. In order to fill these voids in the literature and to provide objective, fleet relevant information describing instrument scan patterns under realistic situations, NAMRL developed the capability of monitoring, in an essentially non-invasive fashion, the scanning behaviors of pilots as they fly the full sized, motion based, high fidelity, helicopter instrument training simulator at NAS Whiting Field. The present paper provides a photographic description of this research installation.

Descriptors :   *PILOTS, *VISUAL PERCEPTION, *INSTRUMENT FLIGHT, COCKPITS, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING, HELICOPTERS, FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS, PATTERN RECOGNITION, FLIGHT SIMULATORS, OPTICAL SCANNING, VISUAL ACUITY, INSTRUMENT PANELS, EYE MOVEMENTS.

Subject Categories : Helicopters
      Human Factors Engineering & Man Machine System

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE