Accession Number : ADA331293

Title :   The Role of Impartiality in Peace Operations.

Descriptive Note : Monograph rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES

Personal Author(s) : Clidas, Michael J.

PDF Url : ADA331293

Report Date : 22 MAY 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 54

Abstract : As some projections indicate, over 90% of the U.S. Army's future operations will be what many refer to as low intensity conflict. A significant portion of these operations will be either peacekeeping or peace enforcement operations. Recognizing the unique nature of these operations, it is imperative that planners develop the skills required to apply operational art to such operations. A key component in the operational design of a campaign is the correct identification of both enemy and friendly centers of gravity. This monograph examines the question "Is the impartiality of the peace support force a friendly center of gravity?" Organized into six sections, section one of the monograph introduces the problem, and discusses its overall significance. The second section reviews British operations in Northern Ireland, and the role that impartiality played in these operations. The third section addresses classical and modern definitions of the center of gravity, along with the various levels of peace operations. The fourth section studies U.S. operations in both Beirut and Lebanon, with a special focus on the role of impartiality. Using these two case studies, and the framework of analysis developed in section three, section five seeks to identify trends and patterns concerning the role of impartiality. Finally, the monograph concludes that impartiality is indeed a "hub of power" for the peace support force; thus, the planner should consider it as a friendly center of gravity.

Descriptors :   *ARMY PLANNING, *LOW INTENSITY CONFLICT, *PEACEKEEPING, LEBANON, MILITARY OPERATIONS, CENTER OF GRAVITY, PEACETIME, CASE STUDIES, POWER, IRELAND, MILITARY ART.

Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE