Accession Number : ADA331682

Title :   The Path Resistance Method for Bounding the Smallest Nontrivial Eigenvalue of a Laplacian

Corporate Author : INSTITUTE FOR COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING HAMPTON VA

Personal Author(s) : Guattery, Stephen ; Leighton, Tom ; Miller, Gary L.

PDF Url : ADA331682

Report Date : OCT 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 20

Abstract : We introduce the path resistance method for lower bounds on the smallest nontrivial eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix of a graph. The method is based on viewing the graph in terms of electrical circuits: it uses clique embeddings to produce lower bonds on lambda2 and star embeddings to produce lower bounds on the smallest Rayleight quotient when there is a zero Dirichlet boundary condition. The method assigns priorities to the paths in the embedding: we show that for an unweighted tree T, using uniform priorities for a clique embedding produce a lower bound on lambda2 that is off by at most an O(log diameter(T)) factor. We show that the best bounds this method can produce for clique embeddings are the same as for a related method that uses clique embeddings and edge lengths to produce bounds.

Descriptors :   *EIGENVECTORS, *EIGENVALUES, *LAPLACE TRANSFORMATION, ALGORITHMS, GRAPHS, APPLIED MATHEMATICS.

Subject Categories : Operations Research

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE