Accession Number : ADA331816

Title :   Design and Prototype Development of an Optimum Symmetrical Number System Direction Finding Array

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis

Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA

Personal Author(s) : Papandreou, Panayiotis

PDF Url : ADA331816

Report Date : MAR 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 100

Abstract : One method of estimating the direction of an electromagnetic source is based on phase comparison. In this thesis the design and fabrication of a prototype antenna to demonstrate a new DF antenna architecture is described. Four antenna elements are grouped into three pairs with element spacing according to a set of symmetrical number system pairwise relatively prime moduli (m1 = 3, m2 = 4, m3=5). The phase difference between each pair of elements is a symmetrical folding waveform that is determined using a mixer. The output voltage from each pair is amplitude analyzed using a small comparator ladder. In each channel, the symmetrically folding waveform, folds in accordance with the channel modulus and thus, only requires a precision according to that modulus. A high resolution DF is achieved after the N different SNS moduli are used and the results of these low-precision channels are recombined to yield the direction of arrival. The frequency of operation of the prototype is 8.5 GHz. Results based on measured and simulated data are resented.

Descriptors :   *ANTENNA ARRAYS, *RADIO DIRECTION FINDERS, SIGNAL PROCESSING, SIGNAL TO NOISE RATIO, WAVEFORMS, ANGLE OF ARRIVAL, THESES, PROTOTYPES, ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE PROPAGATION, ANTENNA RADIATION PATTERNS, PLANE WAVES, BROADBAND ANTENNAS, WAVEFRONTS, PHASE SHIFT, ANTENNA COMPONENTS.

Subject Categories : Electrical and Electronic Equipment
      Radiofrequency Wave Propagation

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE