Accession Number : ADA331951

Title :   Models of Working Memory

Descriptive Note : Final rept.

Corporate Author : COLORADO UNIV AT BOULDER DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Personal Author(s) : Miyake, Akira ; Shah, Priti

PDF Url : ADA331951

Report Date : 28 NOV 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 9

Abstract : Working memory is a basic cognitive mechanism (or set of mechanisms) that is responsible for keeping track of multiple task related goals and subgoals, or integrating multiple sources of information. As such, it is essential for any complex cognitive task, such as planning an airplane's route or learning new computer software. Understanding the mechanisms and structures underlying working memory is, hence, one of the most important scientific issues that need to be addressed to improve the efficiency and performance of individuals on such cognitive tasks in a technological setting. A good understanding of working memory should lead to effective practical applications, such as the design of better computer interfaces, and novel techniques for training new personnel on complex information processing tasks. The goal of the symposium was to promote a better understanding of the architecture and mechanisms that underlie working memory as well as the practical implications of these important issues. The symposium was specifically dedicated to detailed systematic comparisons of existing models and theories of working memory. Thus, we included several features that would facilitate active communication and collaborative problem solving among participants during the symposium. Specifically, we used an issue based approach to theory comparison, in which each participant addressed a common set of important theoretical questions that have been guiding the current research in the field.

Descriptors :   *MEMORY(PSYCHOLOGY), *INTELLIGENCE(HUMANS), *CONDITIONING(LEARNING), SKILLS, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), COGNITION, REASONING, PROBLEM SOLVING, ATTENTION, PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), APTITUDES, LEARNING CURVES, HABITUATION LEARNING.

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE