Accession Number : ADA331953

Title :   Thermal Desorption: A Technology Review

Descriptive Note : Final rept.

Corporate Author : SAN ANTONIO AIR LOGISTICS CENTER KELLY AFB TX

Personal Author(s) : Sullivan, Timothy P.

PDF Url : ADA331953

Report Date : 22 JUL 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 93

Abstract : New and innovative technologies have been developed to treat hazardous wastes because of the high costs of remediation. One such technology is thermal desorption, which heats soils, sediments, and sludges to volatilize any contaminants present. Thermal desorption systems consist of units to heat the feedstock and secondary treatment systems to handle the off-gases generated during the heating process. This method of remediaition has been demonstrated under the EPA's Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) program, thereby giving a means of evaluating the performance of the technology The different aspects of desorption processes are discussed along with an in-depth review of thermal desorption system components. This is followed by an evaluation of thermal desorption as a treatment method by reviewing how well it meets cleanup goals and how safe it is for on-site workers. Through this evaluation, it was determined that thermal desorption is able to achieve cleanup goals, but the stack exhaust may contain contaminant levels that exceed recommended exposure values. Therefore, monitoring of airborne on-site contaminant concentrations is required to ensure the safety of personnel. With proper monitoring in place, thermal desorption can be used safely and effectively at contaminated sites.

Descriptors :   *CONTAMINATION, *HAZARDOUS WASTES, *DESORPTION, *THERMAL RADIATION, TEST AND EVALUATION, HIGH COSTS, EXPOSURE(GENERAL), GASES, HEATING, SAFETY, SOIL POLLUTION, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, SEDIMENTS, SLUDGE, SOIL REMEDIATION.

Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry
      Thermodynamics
      Solid Wastes Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE