Accession Number : ADA332164

Title :   Optimal Pulsed Pumping for Remediation of Aquifiers when Sorption is Rate-Limited

Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSONAFB OH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s) : Schmitt, Lawrence J.

PDF Url : ADA332164

Report Date : DEC 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 186

Abstract : A variational optimization technique is developed to acquire an optimal schedule of pulsed pumping operations for use at existing pump-and-treat aquifer remediation sites. The optimization problem is stated as a minimization of a generic management objective functional, constrained by the contaminant transport equations in two-dimensional or three-dimensional flow models which account for rate-limited sorption. The two-dimensional case is fully developed and a first-order rate equation is used to describe the transport of sorbing contaminant. The first variation provides necessary optimality conditions that must be met by any optimal solution, in turn leading to a pulsed pumping schedule of operation. The second variation provides necessary and sufficient optimality conditions that characterize the solution as minimal, maximal, or neither. General classes of functionals are examined to determine the types of objectives which can be achieved. Specific examples are presented to demonstrate how to use the method in conjunction with a numeric flow simulation, such as SUTRA.

Descriptors :   *WATER TREATMENT, *GROUND WATER, *CALCULUS OF VARIATIONS, SIMULATION, OPTIMIZATION, THESES, SCHEDULING, CONTAMINANTS, SORPTION, PUMPING, SOIL REMEDIATION.

Subject Categories : Numerical Mathematics
      Water Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE