Accession Number : ADA332241
Title : Anti-Rex Aptamers as RNA Mimics of the Rex-Binding Element
Corporate Author : INDIANA UNIV AT BLOOMINGTON DEPT OF CHEMISTRY
Personal Author(s) : Baskerville, Scott ; Zapp, Maria ; Ellington, Andrew D.
PDF Url : ADA332241
Report Date : 1997
Pagination or Media Count : 47
Abstract : RNA molecules that bind tightly and specifically to a Rex fusion protein have been isolated from a conformationally constrained pool of random sequence RNAs. These RNAs effectively mimic a number of features of the wild-type Rex-binding element (XBE). The aptamers compete with the wild-type Rex-binding element for binding to Rex in vitro. The highest-affinity aptamers can specifically bind the Rex ARM, and do not recognize the functionally analogous Rev protein or its ARM. The anti-Rex aptamers can also functionally substitute for the Rex-binding element in vivo, a result which supports a previously proposed model for mRNA transport in which the viral genome serves as a passive platform for assembling and co-opting the cellular transport apparatus. Characteristic sequence and structural motifs found in some of the anti-Rex aptamers may provide insights into the ability of Rex to bind the Rev-responsive element. Overall, these studies suggest that anti-Rex aptamers may serve as effective RNA decoys of Rex.
Descriptors : *IN VITRO ANALYSIS, *RIBONUCLEIC ACIDS, MOLECULES, PROTEINS, PASSIVE SYSTEMS, CHROMOSOMES, SEQUENCES, PLATFORMS, TRANSPORT, DECOYS, VIRUSES, CELLS(BIOLOGY).
Subject Categories : Biochemistry
Anatomy and Physiology
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE