Accession Number : ADA332947

Title :   The Westford Water Vapor Experiment: Use of GPS to Determine Total Precipitable Water Vapor.

Corporate Author : MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LINCOLN LAB

Personal Author(s) : Coster, Anthea J. ; Niell, Arthur E. ; Burke, Hsiao-hua K. ; Czerwinski, Mark G.

PDF Url : ADA332947

Report Date : 17 DEC 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 47

Abstract : The Westford Water Vapor Experiment (WWAVE) was designed to measure the temporal and spatial variability of the total precipitable water vapor (PWV) over an area defined by an approximate 25 km radius centered on the Haystack Observatory in Westford, MA. PWV is defined as the height of liquid water that would result from condensing all the water vapor in a column from the Earth surface to the top of the atmosphere. The main experiment was conducted from 15 - 30 August 1995, and a variety of different techniques were used to measure the water vapor, including: radiosondes, launched two to three times daily from one location; a water vapor radiometer (and 11 Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers separated by 0.5 to 35 km. The data were either collected by A.O.A. Turbo Rogue or Ashtech Z12 GPS receivers, and nine sites used choke ring antennas. The WWAVE analysis showed that GPS estimates of zenith wet delay (ZWD) agreed with measurements by the WVR and radiosondes to within 6-12 mm, corresponding to 1-2 mm of PWV. The precision of the GPS measurement of ZWD is better than 6 mm (1 mm of PWV) as shown by the agreement of three closely spaced receivers.

Descriptors :   *ATMOSPHERIC PRECIPITATION, *WATER VAPOR, POSITION(LOCATION), EXPERIMENTAL DATA, WATER, RECEIVERS, DELAY, ASTRONOMY, RADIOSONDES, RADIOMETERS, EARTH SURFACE, HEIGHT.

Subject Categories : Meteorology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE