Accession Number : ADA332950

Title :   Launch Area Toxic Risk Analysis Program (LATRA) Toxicology Review

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jul-Dec 96

Corporate Author : OPERATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES CORP DAYTON OH

Personal Author(s) : Prince, Joseph K. ; Sterner, Teresa R. ; Vermulen, Erik K.

PDF Url : ADA332950

Report Date : DEC 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 185

Abstract : The toxic cloud corridors generated during normal and catastrophic rocket launch scenarios and the possible human health effects are a source of concern to the US Air Force. Therefore, a literature search of three species of rocket emissions was performed to identify health effects information useful to HQ Space Command for managing the risk from these toxic clouds. The literature retrieved on the three compounds of interest, hydrogen chloride (HCl), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and nitric acid (HNO3), was evaluated to identify the toxic responses associated with inhalation from such exposures. Animal and human data generated in acute toxicity studies were assessed, indicating the respiratory track was the target of exposure to these compounds. Based upon the available toxicity information, acceptable levels of exposure were proposed. The toxicological information data bases under review and proposed recommendations were presented for consideration to the National Research Council National Academy of Science, Committee on Toxicology.

Descriptors :   *RISK, *TOXICITY, *ROCKET EXHAUST, CLOUDS, HEALTH, SAFETY, NITROGEN OXIDES, NITRIC ACID, EMISSION CONTROL, HYDROGEN CHLORIDE.

Subject Categories : Toxicology
      Combustion and Ignition
      Environmental Health and Safety

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE