Accession Number : ADA332993

Title :   Impact of Smoking on Aerobic and Anaerobic Performance During Upper and Lower Body Exercise in Female Soldiers

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Dec 94-31 Dec 95

Corporate Author : WILLIAM BEAUMONT ARMY MEDICAL CENTER ELPASO TX

Personal Author(s) : Weisman, Idelle M.

PDF Url : ADA332993

Report Date : APR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 49

Abstract : The impact of smoking on exercise performance of female soldiers is of interest to the military. Objectives: To study in female soldiers: (a) the chronic/acute effects of smoking on aerobic/anaerobic performance during lower/upper body exercise, (b) the aerobic/anaerobic capacity for lower/upper body exercise and to correlate these values with the Army physical fitness test (APFT). Methods: Healthy female soldiers, 12 smokers, after abstaining from smoking (COHb < 2%) and after smoking (COHb: 6.5%), and 22 non-smokers were studied. Maximal aerobic power and cardiopulmonary variables were measured during lower/upper body exercise using an automated exercise system. Maximal anaerobic power during lower/upper body exercise was evaluated using the Wingate test. Results and conclusions: The chronic I acute effects of light to moderate smoking does not appear to impact the aerobic/anaerobic capacity for lower/upper body exercise; female soldiers have a normal aerobic and anaerobic capacity for upper and lower body exercise with an average level of fitness; they appear to be equally fit for aerobic and anaerobic exercise; no correlation was observed between the APFT and indices of aerobic/anaerobic capacity; maximal aerobic capacity was 60% of men, 72% when normalized for body weight.

Descriptors :   *PHYSICAL FITNESS, *EXERCISE(PHYSIOLOGY), *TOBACCO SMOKING, ARMY PERSONNEL, PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS, WOMEN, AEROBIC PROCESSES, BODY WEIGHT, ANAEROBIC PROCESSES.

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Toxicology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE