Accession Number : ADA334050

Title :   The Current State of Czechoslovak Aviation and Space Medicine.

Corporate Author : JOINT PUBLICATIONS RESEARCH SERVICE ARLINGTON VA

Personal Author(s) : Malcik, Vladimir

PDF Url : ADA334050

Report Date : 28 DEC 1960

Pagination or Media Count : 14

Abstract : Since time immemorial man has been longing for a conquest of the air. This desire is expressed in the fable about Icarus. Many enthusiasts attempted to solve this problem,, but a partial success was first noted in the l8th-century. On the 19th of September 1783, a balloon carrying a group of "passengers" - a ram, a rooster, and a duck for the first time rose to the air. First human flight (Pilatre de Rosier) was- realized two months later, on the 21st of November I783. In l862 Glaisher and Maxwell reached the height of 7000 meters in a balloon filled with hydrogen. During this flight "altitude sickness" was observed for the first time. In 1785 Tissander, Sivel and-Croce Spinelli undertook a tragic flight which two of them did not survive. The balloon reached the height of 86OO metres, and Sivel and Groce Spinelli died of anoxia, and Tissandier fell unconscious. This flight-gave impetus to an intensive study of altitude sickness".

Descriptors :   *AEROSPACE MEDICINE, *ALTITUDE SICKNESS, HUMANS, HYDROGEN, AERONAUTICS, FLIGHT, CZECHOSLOVAKIA, PASSENGERS, CONSCIOUSNESS, BALLOONS, ANOXIA.

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE