Accession Number : ADA335137

Title :   Composite Sampling of Sediments Contaminated with White Phosphorus

Descriptive Note : Special rept.

Corporate Author : COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB HANOVER NH

Personal Author(s) : Walsh, Marianne E. ; Collins, Charles M. ; Bailey, Ronald N. ; Grant, Clarence L.

PDF Url : ADA335137

Report Date : DEC 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 26

Abstract : White phosphorus from exploded munitions is a difficult contaminant to characterize in the environment. Spatial heterogeneity of concentration estimates is extreme, varying over many orders of magnitude for closely spaced discrete samples. To provide cost-effective data upon which decisions may be made, two composite sampling methods were designed to aid in characterizing the site and monitoring the remedial process for an area contaminated by white phosphorus. For each method, closely spaced discrete samples were collected on a grid pattern and pooled to form composites. The composites were then divided by size fractions. Mean white phosphorus concentrations were estimated for the fine-grain-size fraction that was obtained by suspension with water. The presence of highly toxic solid white phosphorus particles, the form that may be ingested by feeding waterfowl, was determined in the coarse-grain-size fraction that was obtained by sieving.

Descriptors :   *COMPOSITE MATERIALS, *CONTAMINATION, *SEDIMENTS, *WHITE PHOSPHORUS, SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION, METHODOLOGY, MILITARY FACILITIES, COST EFFECTIVENESS, TOXIC HAZARDS, WATER, GRIDS, SAMPLING, PATTERNS, HETEROGENEITY, FEEDING, CONCENTRATION(CHEMISTRY), WATERFOWL, SOIL REMEDIATION.

Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
      Ammunition and Explosives
      Solid Wastes Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE