Accession Number : ADA335392
Title : Radiological Dose Assessment Related to Management of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials Generated by the Petroleum Industry
Corporate Author : ARGONNE NATIONAL LAB IL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AND INFORMATION SCIENCES DIV
Personal Author(s) : Smith, K. P. ; Blunt, D. L. ; Williams, G. P. ; Tebes, C. L.
PDF Url : ADA335392
Report Date : SEP 1996
Pagination or Media Count : 78
Abstract : A preliminary radiological dose assessment of equipment decontamination, subsurface disposal, landspreading, equipment smelting, and equipment burial was conducted to address concerns regarding the presence of naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) in production waste streams. The assessment estimated maximum individual dose equivalents for workers and the general public. Sensitivity analyses of certain input parameters also were conducted. On the basis of this assessment, it is concluded that (1) regulations requiring workers to wear respiratory protection during equipment cleaning operations are likely to result in lower worker doses, (2) underground injection and downhole encapsulation of NORM wastes present a negligible risk to the general public, and (3) potential doses to workers and the general public related to smelting NORM contaminated equipment can be controlled by limiting the contamination level of the initial feed. It is recommended that (1) NORM wastes be further characterized to improve studies of potential radiological doses; (2) states be encouraged to permit subsurface disposal of NORM more readily, provided further assessments support this study's results; (3) further assessment of landspreading NORM wastes be conducted; and (4) the political, economic, sociological, and nonradiological issues related to smelting NORM contaminated equipment be studied to fully examine the feasibility of this disposal option.
Descriptors : *WASTE MANAGEMENT, *DOSE RATE, *PETROLEUM INDUSTRY, *NATURAL RADIOACTIVITY, DECONTAMINATION, RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS, WASTE DISPOSAL, RADIOACTIVE WASTES, HAZARDOUS WASTES, RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINATION, PERMISSIBLE DOSAGE.
Subject Categories : Nuclear Radiation Shield, Protection & Safety
Radiation Pollution and Control
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE