Accession Number : ADA335539
Title : Costs for Off-Site Disposal of Nonhazardous Oil Field Wastes: Salt Caverns Versus other Disposal Methods.
Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,
Corporate Author : ARGONNE NATIONAL LAB IL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AND INFORMATION SCIENCES DIV
Personal Author(s) : Veil, John A.
PDF Url : ADA335539
Report Date : APR 1997
Pagination or Media Count : 57
Abstract : According to an American Petroleum Institute production waste survey reported on by P.G. Wakim in 1987 and 1988, the exploration and production segment of the U.S. oil and gas industry generated more than 360 million barrels (bbl) of drilling wastes, more than 20 billion bbl of produced water, and nearly 12 million bbl of associated wastes in 1985. Current exploration and production activities are believed to be generating comparable quantities of these oil field wastes. Wakim estimates that 28% of drilling wastes, less than 2% of produced water, and 52% of associated wastes are disposed of in off-site commercial facilities. In recent years, interest in disposing of oil field wastes in solution mined salt caverns has been growing. This report provides information on the availability of commercial disposal companies in oil and gas producing states, the treatment and disposal methods they employ, and the amounts they charge. It also compares cavern disposal costs with the costs of other forms of waste disposal. At the federal level, the majority of oil field wastes are considered to be exempt from the hazardous waste provisions of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). These wastes are instead regulated at the state level. All oil and gas producing states allow some oil field wastes to be disposed of on-site. The commonly used on site disposal methods include underground injection, on-site burial, land spreading or other land treatment, evaporation, surface discharge, and recycling. Argonne National Laboratory conducted interviews with oil and gas officials in 31 oil and gas producing states to learn how oil field wastes are disposed of in their states and to identify commercial off-site disposal companies.
Descriptors : *COSTS, *WASTE DISPOSAL, *OIL FIELDS, *OIL WASTES, INJECTION, METHODOLOGY, RECYCLED MATERIALS, PRODUCTION, WATER, SITES, GASES, EVAPORATION, SALTS, HAZARDOUS WASTES, LAND AREAS, PETROLEUM PRODUCTS, DRILLING, UNDERGROUND, CAVES.
Subject Categories : Solid Wastes Pollution and Control
Water Pollution and Control
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE