Accession Number : ADA335640

Title :   Novel Frequency Conversion Phenomena Based on Poled Polymers

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jan 95-Dec 97

Corporate Author : UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL FLORIDA ORLANDO CENTER FOR RESEARCH IN ELECTRO-OPTICS AND LASERS

Personal Author(s) : Stegeman, G. I.

PDF Url : ADA335640

Report Date : 18 DEC 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 12

Abstract : The technology of second harmonic generation in channel waveguides made from poled polymers was developed for interaction geometries appropriate for (1) cascading and wavelength shifting, and (2) for wavelength demultiplexing. For fundamental beams which generate a harmonic along the same propagation direction, various phase matching geometries were studied which relied on periodically modulating the linear refractive index and/or the nonlinearity (QPM) in DANS. Although this approach with interdigitated poling electrodes did produce the best results ever reported in polymeric systems, it was not competitive with those in the ferroelectric QPM-LiNbO3. The best results were obtained using modal phase matching in which a low order fundamental waveguide mode was velocity matched to a higher order harmonic mode. By using multiple layers with successive layers poled in opposite directions, a figure of merit equal to LiNbO3 was achieved in the polymer DR1. However, the large losses at the second harmonic reduced the effective sample length and hence the absolute conversion efficiency. For oppositely propagating fundamental inputs, a geometry appropriate to demultiplexing, alternatively poled layers led to the largest conversion efficiencies for any material system for second harmonic beams radiated normal to the waveguide surfaces.

Descriptors :   *SECOND HARMONIC GENERATION, *POLYMERS, *NONLINEAR OPTICS, REFRACTIVE INDEX, OPTICAL WAVEGUIDES, NONLINEAR SYSTEMS, POLYMERIC FILMS, FREQUENCY CONVERSION, LITHIUM NIOBATES.

Subject Categories : Polymer Chemistry
      Optics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE