Accession Number : ADA335641

Title :   JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Japan: Status of Japanese-Affiliated Manufacturing Operations in Europe.

Corporate Author : JOINT PUBLICATIONS RESEARCH SERVICE ARLINGTON VA

PDF Url : ADA335641

Report Date : 24 FEB 1992

Pagination or Media Count : 146

Abstract : The advance of Japanese manufacturing industries into Europe continued to gather strength during 1990. Although there were only 157 companies in Europe affiliated with Japanese manufacturers in 1983 when our association initiated this series of business status surveys, their total number has increased to 676 as of the end of January 1991. In order to aggressively pursue the goal of local management, Japanese-affiliated manufacturers in Europe have been assisting the localization of Japanese companies' manufacturing activities by increasing the percentage of use of locally-procured parts and raw materials, as well as by hiring local residents for management positions. Also, Japanese companies have rapidly increased over the past few years the establishment of R&D and design centers in order to accurately grasp consumer needs. The trend of Japanese parts manufacturers' advance into Europe has also been increasing in response to the EC's penalty taxation for dumping equipment parts, as well as in response to the EC's request for increasing the local content of manufactured goods. Also becoming significant is the competition among the companies of the United States, Europe, and Japan. There is even a move towards the establishment of a comprehensive corporations for Europe to deal with the situation after the unification of the European market is completed. In this survey of Japanese-affiliated manufacturing operations in Europe, the seventh, we have worked to grasp the situation at Japanese-affiliated manufacturing companies promoting localization under the background mentioned above. We express our sincere appreciation to all the companies in 13 European countries who participated in this survey and who helped us in conducting this study despite their busy workload.

Descriptors :   *EUROPE, *MANUFACTURING, *CORPORATIONS, *JAPAN, UNITED STATES, INDUSTRIES, COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, SURVEYS, PARTS, INTERNATIONAL TRADE, WORKLOAD, CONSUMERS.

Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE