Accession Number : ADA336424

Title :   JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Japan: Status, Development Direction of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research Areas

Corporate Author : JOINT PUBLICATIONS RESEARCH SERVICE ARLINGTON VA

PDF Url : ADA336424

Report Date : 20 FEB 1992

Pagination or Media Count : 205

Abstract : Advanced S&T in recent times has evolved towards multidisciplinary research areas that straddle several specialized areas. From now on it is essential for Japan to efficiently and effectively drive research in such multidisciplinary research areas so that it can promote the creative basic research that is its duty as a scientifically and technologically advanced nation. For this reason it was decided that the 'Survey of Status and Development Directions of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research Areas in Japan', would be carried out over the two-year period from 1990 through 1991. The objective is to gain knowledge about the current state and development directions of multidisciplinary research areas and also about effective research promotion policies, by getting a grasp on the activities of study societies and the directions of ongoing research by individual researchers. In FY 1990 we got a grasp on the current state of advanced multidisciplinary research areas in Japan by interviewing knowledgeable people, conducting questionnaire surveys of individual researchers and offices of academic societies, and investigating documentation. That resulted in the extraction of what are thought to be important areas of multidisciplinary research from now on: (1) intelligent materials, (2) frontier instrumentation and control technology, (3) gene manipulation technology, (4) neuroscience and neurotechnology, (5) organomolecular S&T, (6) chronobiology, (7) global environmental S&T, (8) recycling S&T, and (9) computing science and technology. We then compiled the information about the current state of affairs in each area and topics thereof.

Descriptors :   *FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY, *RESEARCH MANAGEMENT, CHRONOBIOLOGY, TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER, BIOCHEMISTRY, JAPAN, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, NEUROCHEMISTRY, GENETIC ENGINEERING.

Subject Categories : Information Science

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE