Accession Number : ADA338747
Title : Concurrent Response Selection in Dual-Task Performance: Evidence for Adaptive Executive Control of Task Scheduling
Descriptive Note : Interim rept. 1 Jan 92-1 Jul 97,
Corporate Author : MICHIGAN UNIV ANN ARBOR DIV OF RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT AND ADMINISTRATION
Personal Author(s) : Schumacher, E. H. ; Lauber, E. J. ; Glass, J. M. ; Zurbriggen, E. L. ; Gmeindl, L.
PDF Url : ADA338747
Report Date : 01 JUL 1997
Pagination or Media Count : 40
Abstract : Four experiments with the psychological refractory period (PRP) procedure are reported that investigate how people perform multiple tasks concurrently. In each experiment, a primary task was paired with a secondary task that had two levels of response-selection difficulty. Experiments 1 and 2 varied response-selection difficulty by manipulating the number of alternative stimulus-response (S-R) pairs in the secondary task. In both experiments, the effect of this factor on secondary-task reaction times (RTs) decreased reliably as the stimulus onset asynchrony (SOA) decreased. Experiments 3 and 4 varied response-selection difficulty by manipulating S-R compatibility for the secondary task. Again, the effect of this factor on secondary-task RTs decreased reliably as SOA decreased, regardless of whether or not the primary and secondary tasks involved the same response modality. Taken together, these results raise doubts about the existence of an immutable structural central bottleneck in response selection. Rather, it appears that response-selection processes for two concurrent tasks may temporally overlap. This outcome is consistent with dual-task performance models (Meyer & Kieras, 1997a, 1997b, 1997c Meyer et al., 1995) under which people have adaptive executive control of their task-scheduling strategies.
Descriptors : *REACTION TIME, *REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY), PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), COGNITION, RESPONSE, PSYCHOLOGY.
Subject Categories : Psychology
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE