Accession Number : ADA339158

Title :   Vigilant and Invincible.

Corporate Author : ARMY SPACE AND STRATEGIC DEFENSE COMMAND HUNTSVILLE AL

Personal Author(s) : Moeller, Stephen P.

PDF Url : ADA339158

Report Date : JUN 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 35

Abstract : 'Vigilant and Invincible' was the motto of the U.S. Army Air Defense Command, or ARADCOM. From the first deployment of World War II-vintage antiaircraft guns in 1950 to the inactivation of the last NIKE HERCULES missile system in 1974, ARADCOM provided a deterrent to the Soviet strategic bomber threat for the U.S. homeland. During this period, the Army built, operated, improved and then dismantled a vast network of defenses. These defenses protected the nation's capital, key industrial areas, ports, atomic weapon production facilities and Strategic Air Command (SAC) bases from air attack. World War II generated a tremendous leap in military technology, especially in strategic bombers, air-breathing missiles like the German V-I, ballistic missiles like the German V-2, jet-powered airplanes and atomic bombs. These advances in technology, combined with the Soviet Union's threat of world domination in the post-war years, caused the United States to take action to prevent yet another war this century. And if deterrence failed, the objective was to limit the damage to its citizenry and war-making capability. During the fmal months of World War II, several major defense contractors studied the likelihood that evolving technologies could produce guided missiles to intercept bombers and surface-to-surface missiles. One of these projects, called NIKE after the Greek goddess of victory, would grow to a full deployment of more than 240 missile sites in the United States. Operating these sites were nearly 45,000 active duty and National Guard soldiers. ARADCOM controlled these missiles and antiaircraft guns and a vast network of command centers to communicate with them. This research will view ARADCOM in the light of various threats, and also of national and military events of the times. Threat-wise, the Soviet Union dominated the scene; its bombers and ballistic missiles hel

Descriptors :   *MILITARY HISTORY, *COLD WAR, *MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS, AIR DEFENSE, GUIDED MISSILES, USSR, NATIONAL GUARD, WARFARE, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, DEPLOYMENT, UNITED STATES, DEFENSE SYSTEMS, STRATEGIC ANALYSIS, THREATS, ARMY PERSONNEL, FACILITIES, INTERCEPTION, CONTRACTORS, AIR STRIKES, COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEMS, INDUSTRIAL PLANTS, ARMY OPERATIONS, SURFACE TO SURFACE MISSILES, BOMBER AIRCRAFT, ANTIAIRCRAFT GUNS, STRATEGIC BOMBING, STRATEGIC AIR COMMAND, SECOND WORLD WAR.

Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE