Accession Number : ADA370313

Title :   Russian Deception Operations: Another Tool for the US Kit Bag.

Descriptive Note : Monograph rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES

Personal Author(s) : Butts, Gregory K.

PDF Url : ADA370313

Report Date : 27 MAY 1999

Pagination or Media Count : 64

Abstract : This monograph investigates the value of analyzing Russian deception doctrine and operations with a goal of improving US deception doctrine or operations. The question asked is: can an analysis of Russian deception doctrine and their use of deception lead to improvements in US deception doctrine, training, or operations? Brief investigation has revealed that deception is not used often at Combat Training Centers and that the loss of surprise is the single greatest cause of poor performance. Deception is a key tool in surprising the enemy. This monograph first summarizes popular deception theory and US doctrine. It concludes that US doctrine, although unapproved, is prescriptive and focuses on the concepts of developing a deception plan. It does not highlight the "how" of a deception operation and examples are only available through reading history. Theory supports surprise as a goal during all operations, but theorists support varying levels of commitment to the use of deception to attain surprise. The author concludes that in light of today's improved strategic and operational mobility each theorist considered would support the use of deception. After summarizing deception theory and US doctrine the monograph considers deception in Russian military operations. First, the social, historical, and political influences are described. From this it is evident that deception is endemic to Russian culture and is part of their military culture as well. Second, Russian doctrine is summarized. The summary is of open source writings and WWll experiences. The information tends to be directive in nature. The doctrine tells Russians units what actions they must do to deceive the enemy. Finally, five deception operations are summarized to give the reader a sense for the Russian ability to conduct deception.

Descriptors :   *USSR, *MILITARY HISTORY, *MILITARY DOCTRINE, *THEORY, *DECEPTION, MILITARY OPERATIONS, SOURCES, MOBILITY, MILITARY FACILITIES, MILITARY STRATEGY, POLITICAL SCIENCE, OPERATION, SUPPORTS, MILITARY TRAINING, CULTURE, SECOND WORLD WAR.

Subject Categories : Military Intelligence
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
      Countermeasures

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE