Accession Number : ADA440769

Title :   Tito's Victory: Theory into Reality

Descriptive Note : Essay

Corporate Author : NATIONAL WAR COLL WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Gorenc, Frank

PDF Url : ADA440769

Report Date : 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 12

Abstract : Operation Punishment, the invasion of Yugoslavia, started on April 6, 1941, when the German air force executed a savage air assault on the capital city of Belgrade. This invasion, completed in 10 days, constituted yet another aggression by Adolph Hitler in his evolving quest to expand the German empire. However, in the eyes of Josip Broz Tito, the tragedy of the invasion signaled a golden opportunity. In his view, the war would give him the opportunity to continue his prewar political work for revolution and overthrow of the royalist government. Demonstrating decisive and inspired leadership, Tito successfully used the war to achieve an independent communist Yugoslavia. His leadership and vision earned the Partisan movement the respect of both enemies and allies. In 1944, Winston Churchill commended Tito and his Partisan movement: "The communist element has the honour of being the beginners, but as the movement increased in strength and numbers a modifying and unifying process has taken place, and national conceptions have supervened. In Marshal Tito, the Partisans have found an outstanding leader, glorious in the fight for freedom." The German leader Himmler simply stated, "Unfortunately, he is our opponent." Expertly working in the military and political realms, Tito validated many Clausewitzian theories. There is no evidence Tito ever studied the writings of Carl von Clausewitz; however, Tito did study Friedrich Engels, who was an early advocate of revolution and socialism. Engels had read and was "impressed" by the writings of Clausewitz. Therefore, Clausewitz may have affected Tito indirectly through the teachings of Friedrich Engels because some Clausewitzian theories did find their way into Engels' revolutionary principles. To achieve victory, Tito prosecuted the war with the practical revolutionary principles of Engels and provided history with a clear validation of Clausewitz's theories on the purpose, nature, and conduct of war.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY STRATEGY, *LEADERSHIP, *THEORY, *YUGOSLAVIA, *SECOND WORLD WAR, *POLITICAL REVOLUTION, USSR, GERMANY(EAST AND WEST), SOCIALISM, GUERRILLA WARFARE, HISTORY, MILITARY COMMANDERS, PERSONALITY, POLITICAL PARTIES, COMMUNISM

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Humanities and History
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE