Accession Number : ADA442835

Title :   Piercing the Fog: Intelligence and Army Air Forces Operations in World War 2

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE HISTORICAL STUDIES OFFICE WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Kreis, John F. ; Cochran, Jr., Alexander S. ; Ehrhart, Robert C. ; Fabyanic, Thomas A. ; Futrell, Robert F. ; Kreis, John F. ; Murray, Williamson

PDF Url : ADA442835

Report Date : 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 511

Abstract : When Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and Germany and Italy joined Japan four days later in declaring war against the United States, intelligence essential for the Army Air Forces to conduct effective warfare in the European and Pacific theaters did not exist. Piercing the Fog tells the intriguing story of how airmen built intelligence organizations to collect and process information about the enemy and to produce and disseminate intelligence to decision makers and warfighters in the bloody, horrific crucible of war. Because the problems confronting and confounding air intelligence officers, planners, and operators fifty years ago still resonate, Piercing the Fog is particularly valuable for intelligence officers, planners, and operators today and for anyone concerned with acquiring and exploiting intelligence for successful air warfare. More than organizational history, this book reveals the indispensable and necessarily secret role intelligence plays in effectively waging war. It examines how World War II was a watershed period for Air Force Intelligence and for the acquisition and use of signals intelligence, photo reconnaissance intelligence, human resources intelligence, and scientific and technical intelligence. Piercing the Fog discusses the development of new sources and methods of intelligence collection; requirements for intelligence at the strategic, operational, and tactical levels of warfare; intelligence to support missions for air superiority, interdiction, strategic bombardment, and air defense; the sharing of intelligence in a coalition and joint service environment; the acquisition of intelligence to assess bomb damage on a target-by-target basis and to measure progress in achieving campaign and war objectives; and the ability of military leaders to understand the intentions and capabilities of the enemy and to appreciate the pressures on intelligence officers to sometimes tell commanders what they think the commanders want to hear.

Descriptors :   *AIR DEFENSE, *AIR FORCE, *AERIAL WARFARE, *SECOND WORLD WAR, *AIR INTELLIGENCE, *ARMY OPERATIONS, MILITARY INTELLIGENCE, EUROPE, CONTROL, UNITED STATES, DECISION MAKING, SKILLS, AIR FORCE PERSONNEL, MILITARY COMMANDERS, PACIFIC OCEAN, OFFICER PERSONNEL, DATA ACQUISITION, HISTORY, JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES, MISSIONS, AIR SPACE, SIGNALS, PHOTOGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE, BOMB DAMAGE, PEARL HARBOR, STRATEGIC BOMBING, PHOTOGRAPHIC RECONNAISSANCE, TACTICAL WARFARE, ARMY PERSONNEL, ACQUISITION, ORGANIZATIONS, THEATER LEVEL OPERATIONS, SOURCES, MILITARY HISTORY, WARFARE

Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE