Accession Number : ADA456717

Title :   Theory of Effectiveness Measurement

Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT

Personal Author(s) : Bullock, Richard K.

PDF Url : ADA456717

Report Date : SEP 2006

Pagination or Media Count : 188

Abstract : Effectiveness measures provide decision makers feedback on the impact of deliberate actions and affect critical issues such as allocation of scarce resources, as well as whether to maintain or change existing strategy. Currently, however, there is no formal foundation for formulating effectiveness measures. This research presents a new framework for effectiveness measurement from both a theoretical and practical view. First, accepted effects-based principles, as well as fundamental measurement concepts are combined into a general, domain independent, effectiveness measurement methodology. This is accomplished by defining effectiveness measurement as the difference, or conceptual distance from a given system state to some reference system state (e.g. desired end-state). Then, by developing system attribute measures such that they yield a system state-space that can be characterized as a metric space, differences in system states relative to the reference state can be gauged over time, yielding a generalized, axiomatic definition of effectiveness measurement. The effectiveness measurement framework is then extended to mitigate the influence of measurement error and uncertainty by employing Kalman filtering techniques. Finally, the pragmatic nature of the approach is illustrated by measuring the effectiveness of a notional, security force response strategy in a scenario involving a terrorist attack on a United States Air Force base.

Descriptors :   *DECISION MAKING, *MEASURES OF EFFECTIVENESS, METHODOLOGY, STRATEGY, ATTACK, THESES, FEEDBACK, RANGE(DISTANCE), TERRORISM, SECURITY PERSONNEL, ERRORS, RESPONSE, KALMAN FILTERING, THEORY, UNCERTAINTY

Subject Categories : Information Science

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE