Accession Number : ADA476945

Title :   Securing the Borders: Creation of the Border Patrol Auxiliary

Descriptive Note : Research paper

Corporate Author : JOHN F KENNEDY SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT CAMBRIDGE MA

Personal Author(s) : Hall, Christopher ; Schauerman, Gregg ; Ewing, Robert ; Brandner, Brian

PDF Url : ADA476945

Report Date : 05 MAY 2007

Pagination or Media Count : 64

Abstract : Although the U.S. Border Patrol is the largest uniformed federal law enforcement agency in the country, its resources appear to be far short of what is required to truly accomplish its mandate. Most of the Customs and Border Protection's (CBP) 30,000 officers operate in the nation's 314 land, air, and seaports of entry, where they admit an average 1.2 million legal visitors a day. A majority of the border remains void of barriers, surveillance, and the presence of Border Patrol agents. The government demonstrated its commitment to improved border security in 2006 with an 11% increase in the CBP's budget, now over $7 billion. But the new money is dedicated to several initiatives and only pays for an additional 1,500 border patrol agents. Public demand for action to meet border patrol requirements compelled the President to order the deployment of 6,000 National Guardsmen to the Mexican border as part of "Operation Jump Start." While fences and new technologies such as ground sensors and unmanned aerial vehicles will enhance the "reach" of existing agents, nothing would close the gap better than creating a program to increase the number of agents along the border. Citizen auxiliaries have ample precedence in assisting law enforcement agencies. The Coast Guard Auxiliary, Civil Air Patrol, and many other police auxiliaries have long and successful histories. Several volunteer groups have sprung up in recent years to help patrol the border. The Border Patrol has publicly welcomed their efforts as observers but operationally kept them at arms length. This paper evaluates the feasibility of establishing a civilian auxiliary within the Border Patrol. By examining the missions, authorities, costs, legal foundations, and organizational cultures of the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary and the Florida Highway Patrol Auxiliary, The authors can identify elements key to developing a successful auxiliary program.

Descriptors :   *AUXILIARY, *UNITED STATES, *VOLUNTEERS, *CIVILIAN POPULATION, *BOUNDARIES, *LAW ENFORCEMENT, *PATROLLING, REQUIREMENTS, SURVEILLANCE, COUNTERTERRORISM, ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS, HOMELAND SECURITY, SMUGGLING, MEXICO, COAST GUARD, SUPERVISION, CULTURE, LEGISLATION, HIGHWAYS, PERSONNEL SELECTION, QUALIFICATIONS, TRAINING, MONITORING, MISSIONS, COST ANALYSIS

Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Civil Defense

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE