Accession Number : ADA953063

Title :   Civilian Morale under Aerial Bombardment 1914-1939. Part 1

Descriptive Note : Documentary research study no. 14

Corporate Author : AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL

Personal Author(s) : Goss, Hilton P

PDF Url : ADA953063

Report Date : Dec 1948

Pagination or Media Count : 150

Abstract : Since 1914, war, preparation for war, recovery from war, and discussion of wars past, present, and future appear to have been the principal preoccupations of mankind. And from the time of the symbolic destruction of the scrap of paper which had supposedly guaranteed the neutrality of a nation, war has increasingly involved the nation as a whole - the man, woman, and child behind the lines as well as the soldier at the front. One of the most terrifying adjuncts of this total war has been the accidental or deliberate dropping of aerial bombs upon civilian populations. In the first World War such bombings were sporadic - sometimes amateurish. By the time of the Japanese attacks on China and the Spanish Civil War in the late 1930s, aerial bombardment of civilian centers had become an anticipated part of warfare. In World War II, of course, mass air raids upon the cities were widespread and commonplace. It is for the internationalists to examine the morality of this development, and for the military analysts to assess the strategical and tactical value of these attacks. Here it has been deemed appropriate merely to explain the circumstances under which such raids occurred and to attempt a review of the reactions of civilian populations in the period before World War II to their own involvement in this relatively new type of warfare. In a sense, therefore, this study provides a psychological background for the mass bombardments of the conflict which engulfed the world from 1939 to 1945.

Descriptors :   *AERIAL WARFARE, *BOMBARDMENT(ATTACK), *CIVILIAN POPULATION, *HISTORY, *MORALE, ADJUSTMENT(PSYCHOLOGY), ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), CASUALTIES, INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS, POLITICAL SCIENCE, RESEARCH MANAGEMENT, SOCIAL SCIENCES

Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Psychology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE