Accession Number : ADA956249

Title :   Archaeological Excavation, the Rivervale Site, 3 PO 395, Poinsett County, Arkansas.

Descriptive Note : Preliminary rept.,

Corporate Author : GAI CONSULTANTS INC MONROEVILLE PA

Personal Author(s) : Smith, Gerald P.

Report Date : DEC 1978

Pagination or Media Count : 261

Abstract : Mitigation excavations at the Rivervale Site (3 PO 395), near Marked Tree, Poinsett County, Arkansas, were carried out by GAI Consultants, Inc., in the Fall of 1977. Evidence related to Poverty Point, Late Woodland, and Early Mississippian occupations were recorded. Poverty Point is represented by limited data. An association of Bakers Creek/ Steuben Expanded Stem Points and Barnes Ceramics is suggested for the Late Woodland Component. Evidence from the Malden Plain Phase Mississippian Component, dating from AD 1200, includes ceramics, lithic implements, structures, and burials. This component is the most abundantly represented of the three and adds important data to our knowledge of the Early Mississippian Period in northeastern Arkansas and southeastern Missouri. The Rivervale Site seems to lie within a frontier zone between two regional variants of the Early Mississippian Period interaction: this model is currently being refined for publication and is reviewed in this report. The cultural investigations at Rivervale have been significantly bolstered by geomorphological investigations conducted as part of the mitigation project. These studies concerned the physiographic-setting of the site, the local regional drainage patterns, and the interpretation of a man-made ditch which partially surrounds the site. The floral and faunal remains recovered by excavation, screening, and flotation are identified and tabulated. Finally, a technique for protecting the Rivervale Site to preserve its remaining cultural data is described.

Descriptors :   *ARCHEOLOGY, *ARTIFACTS, *GEOLOGY, ARKANSAS, DITCHES, DRAINAGE, EXCAVATION, MODELS, HISTORIC SITES, WILDLIFE, VEGETATION, GEOMORPHOLOGY, SOILS, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT.

Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE