Accession Number : ADA995404

Title :   OPERATION GREENHOUSE. Scientific Director's Report of Atomic Weapon Tests at Eniwetok, 1951. Annex 2.7. Thermal Radiation Injury,

Corporate Author : ROCHESTER UNIV NY

Personal Author(s) : Pearse,Herman E. ; Kingsley,Harry D. ; Schilling,John A. ; Hogg,Lewis , Jr. ; Blakney,Robert M.

Report Date : 01 SEP 1985

Pagination or Media Count : 77

Abstract : Information concerning the flash burn resulting from an atomic bomb explosion was necessary to understand the lesion, its systematic effects, and prevention and treatment of these effects. In order to reproduce similar sources in the laboratory, it was essential to know the characteristics of the energy producing the biological effect. In order to obtain this information, anesthetized experimental animals were placed in shielded positions at varying distances from bomb zero to cover a wide range of thermal-radiation intensities. Small areas of each animal's skin were exposed through aperture plates which were designed to analyze burn production as a function of time, intensity, and spectrum. Protection of the animal by fabrics covering the skin was also evaluated. Following exposure, animals were retrieved from the exposure stations and transported to a laboratory for analysis of the burn lesions by description, color photography, and microscopic study of biopsy materials.

Descriptors :   *RADIATION INJURIES, *BURNS(INJURIES), THERMAL RADIATION, SKIN(ANATOMY), BIOPSY, EXPOSURE(PHYSIOLOGY), RADIATION PROTECTION, SWINE, DOGS, NUCLEAR EXPLOSION TESTING, ENEWETOK ATOLL

Subject Categories : Radiobiology
      Weapons Effects(biological)

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE