Accession Number : ADD000283

Title :   2,2-Dinitroalkyl Vinyl Ethers and Polymers Thereof.

Descriptive Note : Patent,


Personal Author(s) : Adolph,Horst G

Report Date : 30 Apr 1974

Pagination or Media Count : 2

Abstract : This invention generally relates to dinitro-containing monomers which can be used to form polymers. Plastic-bonded explosive and propellant compositions are well-known in the prior art. Currently, materials such as nitropolyesters and poly(2,2-dinitroalkyl acrylates) are used in these compositions. However, these materials are not as highly energetic or as thermally stable as is often desired. The objects of this invention are accomplished by providing monomers of the formula X-C(NO2)2CH2O-CH=CH2, wherein X is F, Cl, Br or lower alkyl of 1 to 6 carbon atoms, which can be polymerized to form polymers useful in plastic-bonded explosive and propellant compositions, and which are prepared by contacting vinyl acetate and the corresponding dinitroalkanol in the presence of HgSO4 at a temperature between -5C. and +5C.

Descriptors :   *Patents, Halogenated hydrocarbons, Solid rocket propellants, Plastic explosives, Alkenes, Ethers, Synthesis(Chemistry)

Subject Categories : Polymer Chemistry
      Ammunition and Explosives
      Solid Rocket Propellants

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE