Accession Number : ADD006421

Title :   Non-Polluting Process for Desensitizing Explosives.

Descriptive Note : Patent Application,

Corporate Author : DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Roth,M

Report Date : 18 Dec 1978

Pagination or Media Count : 14

Abstract : The present invention relates to the area of explosive materials, and specifically to the desensitization and disposal of such explosives. It has long been a practice to destroy explosive materials and propellants determined to be either obsolete or deteriorated by open incineration or burning. With the enactment of the pollution abatement legislation, the practice of open burning of propellants and explosives had to be replaced by controlled incineration so that ambient air standards could be met. Controlled incineration generally requires that the explosive material in question be placed in a slurry in water prior to being ground up and incinerated so that the materials would be safer to handle. The concentration of explosive material that could be placed in such a slurry, however, was restricted to an amount approximately equal to that required to barely sustain combustion in order to minimize the hazard of burning excessive quantities. Such restriction on concentration increases the cost of incineration, as the time for processing a given quantity of explosive is increased and the fuel required to incinerate that explosive is likewise greater.

Descriptors :   *Patent applications, *Explosives, *Propellants, *Slurry explosives, *desensitizing, *Explosive ordnance disposal, Slurries, Hydrocarbons, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Combustion, TNT, RDX, HMX, Chemical reactions, Decomposition, Combustion products, Pollution, Reduction(Chemistry), Degradation, Explosives initiators

Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
      Organic Chemistry
      Ammunition and Explosives
      Combustion and Ignition
      Rocket Propellants

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE