Accession Number : ADD010029

Title :   1, 3-Diamino-5-Fluoro-2, 4, 6-Trinitrobenzene and Methods of Preparation.

Descriptive Note : Patent Application,

Corporate Author : DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Sitzman,Michael E ; Lawrence,G William ; Adolph,Horst G ; Chaykovsky,Michael

Report Date : 21 Jan 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 15

Abstract : 1,3-DIAMINO-5-FLUORO-2,4,6-TRINITROBENZENE AND TWO METHODS OF PREPARATION. The first method comprises reacting one mole of 1,3,5-trifluoro-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene with two moles of acetamide to form 1,3-diacetylamino-5-fluoro-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene, and then using a strong acid to cleave off the acetyl groups to give the product 1,3-diamino-5-fluoro-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene. In the second method, one mole of 1,3,5-trifluoro-2,4,6-trinitro-benzene is reacted with two moles of tert-butylamine at a temperature of from -60 degrees C to room temperature (25 degrees C) to form 1,2-di-tert-butylamino-5-fluoro-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene and then a strong acid is used to cleave off the tert-butyl groups to give the product 1,3-diamino-5-fluoro-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene, which is useful as an explosive.

Descriptors :   *Patent applications, *Explosives, *Nitrogen compounds, *Aromatic compounds, *Safety, Fluorine, Formulations(Chemistry), Military applications, Sensitivity, Particle size, Synthesis(Chemistry), Methodology, Energetic properties, Inventions

Subject Categories : Organic Chemistry
      Ammunition and Explosives

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE