Accession Number : ADD012819
Title : Energetic Polynitro Formal Plasticizers.
Descriptive Note : Patent Application,
Corporate Author : DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON DC
Personal Author(s) : Adolph,Horst D ; Kim,Kyung E
Report Date : 27 Apr 1987
Pagination or Media Count : 7
Abstract : Plasticizers which are commonly used in gun propellants and other energetic compositions are nitroglycerin (NG), butanetriol trinitrate (BTTN), metriol trinitrate (METN), diethylene glycol dinitrate (DEGN), and bis (2,2-dinitropropyl) formal/acetal (BDNPF/A). Disadvantages which these materials exhibit are low thermal stability due to the presence of secondary hydroxy groups (NG, BTTN), low energy (BDNPF/A, METN, DEGN), and high vapor pressure (DEGN, NG). Summary of the Invention: Accordingly, an object of this invention is to provide a new energetic plasticizer. Another object of this invention is to provide an improved energetic plasticizer having a low vapor pressure. A further object of this invention is to provide an improved plasticizer having a low melting point. Yet another object of this invention is to provide an improved plasticizer which has good thermal stability. These and other objects of this invention are accomplished by providing energetic plasticizers which are binary and ternary mixtures of bis(2,2-dinitropropyl) formal (BDNPF), bis (2,2,2-trinitroethyl) formal (TEFO), and 2,2-dinitropropyl 2,2,2-trinitroethyl formal (TNEPF).
Descriptors : *PATENT APPLICATIONS, *PLASTICIZERS, *GUN PROPELLANTS, *NITROGLYCERIN, *BUTANOLS, *NITRATES, MIXTURES, TERNARY COMPOUNDS, ENERGETIC PROPERTIES, LOW ENERGY, THERMAL STABILITY, HIGH PRESSURE, VAPOR PRESSURE, HYDROXYL RADICALS, SECONDARY
Subject Categories : Ammunition and Explosives
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE