Accession Number : ADD013052

Title :   Metal Hydride Explosive System.

Descriptive Note : Patent Application, Filed 9 Apr 87,

Corporate Author : DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Lee,Woodrow W ; Rozner,Alexander G ; Waldron,James C

Report Date : 09 Apr 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 17

Abstract : This invention relates to explosive devices and more particularly to steam or vapor explosives devices. Conventional chemical explosives are frequently sensitive to heat and impact. Moreover, they generally yield toxic fumes when they burn as in a fire. Thus, these conventional explosives require special handling and storage precautions. A phenomena of considerable industrial importance in recent years and one that may have significant military application is the so called vapor explosion, often referred to as thermal explosion or steam explosion. Accordingly, one object of this invention is to provide a new explosive device. Another object of this is to provide an explosive device which is insensitive to impact, friction, shock and elevated temperature. Yet another object of this invention is to provide a thermally stable explosive device which is less likely to detonate in a fire than most organic chemical explosives are. Another object of this invention is to provide an explosive device which will not burn or decompose to yield toxic vapors. A still further object of this invention is to provide a molten metal-liquid device in which the molten material is forcefully injected into the liquid thus increasing the speed and energy of the resulting explosion.

Descriptors :   *PATENT APPLICATIONS, *EXPLOSIVES, *HYDRIDES, *METALS, CHEMICAL ORDNANCE, HIGH TEMPERATURE, EXPLOSIVE CHARGES, IMPACT, SENSITIVITY, MILITARY APPLICATIONS, TOXIC HAZARDS, FIRE SAFETY, COPPER COMPOUNDS, TERMINAL BALLISTICS, EXPLOSION GASES, LIQUID METALS, HANDLING, STEAM, THERMAL PROPERTIES, VAPORS, HEAT, STORAGE, THERMAL STABILITY

Subject Categories : Ammunition and Explosives

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE