Accession Number : ADD013073
Title : Bis(2,2,2-Fluorodinitroethoxy)-(1,1,1-Fluorodinitro-2-Propoxy)Methane and Method of Preparation.
Descriptive Note : Patent Application, Filed 30 Apr 87,
Corporate Author : DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON DC
Personal Author(s) : Koppes,William M ; Adolph,Horst G
Report Date : 30 Apr 1987
Pagination or Media Count : 9
Abstract : This inventiion relates to plasticizers and more particularly to energetic plasticizers for plastic bonded explosives. Examples of energetic plasticizers which are currently used in plastic bonded explosives (PBXs) are bis (2-fluoro-2,2- dinitroethyl) formal (FEFO), butanetriol trinitrate (BTTN), and trimethylolethane trinitrate (TMETN). These compounds have various disadvantages. BTTN and TMETN have limited thermal stability. While FEFO has excellent thermal stability, it suffers from high volatility and toxicity; it also has a high melting point. It therefore would be desirable to minimize or overcome the disadvantages of FEFO while maintaining its energy density and thermal stability. Accordingly, an object of this invention is to provide a new organic compound. Another object of this invention is to provide a new energetic plasticizer for plastic-bonded explosives. A further object of this invention is to provide an energetic plasticizer having a low melting point and low volatility. Yet another object of this invention is to provide a new plasticizer having high energy content and high thermal stability.
Descriptors : *PATENT APPLICATIONS, *PLASTICIZERS, *NITROMETHANE, *FLUORINATED HYDROCARBONS, *PLASTIC BONDED EXPLOSIVES, BUTANOLS, NITRATES, ENERGETIC PROPERTIES, HIGH ENERGY, THERMAL STABILITY, VOLATILITY, MELTING POINT, SYNTHESIS(CHEMISTRY), BURNING RATE, THERMOGRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS, NITRATION, ETHYL RADICALS, PROPYL RADICALS, OXYGEN, TOXICITY, ETHANES, HYDROXYL RADICALS, METHYL RADICALS, NITRATES
Subject Categories : Ammunition and Explosives
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE