Accession Number : ADD014416

Title :   2,2-Dinitrobutane 1,4-Diol and Monoesters.

Descriptive Note : Patent, Filed 6 May 83, patented 8 Oct 85,

Corporate Author : DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Sitzmann, Michael E

Report Date : 08 Oct 1985

Pagination or Media Count : 4

Abstract : This invention relates to alcohols and more particularly to energetic polynitro substituted diols. Polynitro-hydroxy terminated diols are being used to prepare energetic binders for propellants and explosives. Lower molecular weight polynitro alcohols have been used as building blocks to prepare these diols. Because of the limitation on the choice of these building blocks, the high energy diols have been limited to those having gem-dinitro groups in the Beta position to the hydroxy groups, HOCH2C(NO2)2, C(NO2)2CH2OH. Unfortunately while these diols have excellent energy content, they are unstable in the presence of weak bases or nucleophiles (such as atmospheric moisture) or oxygen and nitrogen containing components of the energetic binder systems. Accordingly, an object of this invention is to provide new organic compounds. Another object of this invention is to provide new energetic polynitro organic compounds. A further object of this invention is to provide new polynitro organic compounds which can be used to synthesis new stable, energetic polynitrodiols. These and other objects of this invention are accomplished by providing 2,2-dinitrobutane-1,4-diol and 4-monoesters thereof. Patents. (AW)

Descriptors :   *ALCOHOLS, *PATENTS, *SYNTHESIS(CHEMISTRY), *ESTERS, *NITRO RADICALS, *BUTANES, BINDERS, ENERGETIC PROPERTIES, EXPLOSIVES, GLYCOLS, HIGH ENERGY, HYDROXYL RADICALS, LIMITATIONS, MODULAR CONSTRUCTION, NITROGEN, NITROGEN COMPOUNDS, ORGANIC COMPOUNDS, OXYGEN, POLYMERS, POSITION(LOCATION), PROPELLANTS, SUBSTITUTES

Subject Categories : Organic Chemistry
      Ammunition and Explosives
      Industrial Chemistry and Chemical Processing

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE