Accession Number : ADD015413

Title :   N-(2-Hydroxyethyl Nitrate)-2, 4, 6-Trinitrobenzamide.

Descriptive Note : Patent Application, Filed 15 Jun 92,

Corporate Author : DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Sitzmann, Michael F

Report Date : 15 Jun 1992

Pagination or Media Count : 9

Abstract : This invention relates to energetic aromatic compounds and more particularly to energetic aromatic nitrate esters. Missile systems often require explosives that can withstand short-term (30 minutes) exposure to temperatures in the vicinity of 150 deg C and above due to aerodynamic heating. Pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) is the highest melting of the commonly available nitrate esters, but its melting point (140 deg C) precludes its use in such missiles. U.S. Patent number 5,081,255 titled, 'High Melting Aromatic Nitrate Esters,' which issued to Michael E. Sitzmann on January 14, 1992, discloses several higher melting nitrate esters. These esters generally contain one or more -NHCH3CH2ONO2 amine groups attached to the aromatic ring. The -NHCH2CH2ONO2 groups in the aromatic nitrate esters are produced by nitration of -NHCH2CH2OH substituents on the aromatic ring.

Descriptors :   *PATENT APPLICATIONS, *ENERGETIC PROPERTIES, *AROMATIC COMPOUNDS, *NITRATES, *ESTERS, EXPLOSIVES, GUIDED MISSILES, NITRATION, AMINES, MELTING POINT, NITROGEN

Subject Categories : Ammunition and Explosives
      Organic Chemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE