Accession Number : ADD015600

Title :   Pyrite Cathode Material for a Thermal Battery.

Descriptive Note : Patent, Filed 7 Feb 91, patented 29 Sep 92,

Corporate Author : DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Pemsler, J P ; Litchfield, John K

Report Date : 29 Sep 1992

Pagination or Media Count : 4

Abstract : High purity synthetic pyrite is produced in a two-step and also in a one-step sulfidation reaction of iron powder. In a two-step process, a hydrogen-annealed iron powder is first reacted with molten sulfur at a temperature of from about 200 deg-455 deg C, while subjecting the reaction mass to mixing for a period sufficient to convert the iron powder to pyrrhotite, which is then reacted in a second step with sulfur vapor at a temperature of from about 420 deg-550 deg C, while subjecting the reaction mass to mixing for a period sufficient to convert the pyrrhotite to substantially pure pyrite. In a one-step process, iron powder is gradually heated from room temperature to about 550 deg C in the presence of sulfur while continuously mixing to prevent sintering and agglomeration.

Descriptors :   *SINTERING, *TEMPERATURE, *VAPORS, HYDROGEN, IRON, MASS, MIXING, POWDERS, PURITY, PYRITE, ROOM TEMPERATURE, SULFUR

Subject Categories : Electrochemical Energy Storage
      Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy
      Properties of Metals and Alloys
      Inorganic Chemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE