Accession Number : ADD017659
Title : Ultra-Wideband Active Electronically Scanned Antenna.
Descriptive Note : Patent Application, filed 16 Jun 95,
Corporate Author : DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON DC
Personal Author(s) : Chester, Theodore C ; Coleman, H P
PDF Url : ADD017659
Report Date : 16 Jun 1995
Pagination or Media Count : 25
Abstract : The architecture of this invention makes multiple use of switched time delay circuits to reduce the complexity of both series and parallel feed can give a delay that can be switched to values between C and 2d/C, where d is the inter element spacing and C is the velocity of light. At the highest frequency of the series feed array, the elements are spaced by lambda/2 to avoid grating lobes and the maximum delay corresponds to 36O deg of phaseshift. When the time delays are set half way (d/c), the various lines feeding the elements of the array at the aperture have bias delays that make them all equal in length, thereby giving a broadside beam, independent of frequency. At the highest frequency, the switchable time delay gives some excess in available delay. If additional excess time delay is needed it can be obtained by increasing the time delay circuit range. Insertion loss is proportional to the number of bits used. This could become high in large antennas, however, this loss may be compensated by the addition of two way amplification in the branch lines with an appropriate bias length adjustment. Also the insertion loss may be reduced by dividing the array into subarrays which are then combined by a series feed Combiner network. In parallel feed architecture, fewer time delay circuits are in series as compared to the series feed architecture. Therefore, there is less insertion loss and the loss is sufficiently small that it can be compensated for by amplification in the solid state modules.
Descriptors : *PATENT APPLICATIONS, *ANTENNA FEEDS, SCANNING, HIGH FREQUENCY, NETWORKS, COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE, PARALLEL PROCESSING, PARALLEL ORIENTATION, AMPLIFICATION, INSERTION LOSS, BIAS, ANTENNA ARRAYS, BROADBAND ANTENNAS, ANTENNA APERTURES, DELAY CIRCUITS, SWITCHING CIRCUITS, TIMING CIRCUITS
Subject Categories : Electrical and Electronic Equipment
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE