Accession Number : ADD018027

Title :   Oil Spillage Detector.

Descriptive Note : Patent, Filed 28 Sep 94, patented 9 Jan 96,

Corporate Author : DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Fleck, Charles J , Sr ; Fleck, Charles J , Jr ; Sweeney, Michael J

Report Date : 09 Jan 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 10

Abstract : An oil spill sensing/communicating apparatus which is buoyantly situated, anchored or adrift, in a salt or fresh body of water, featuring a configuration which permits fluid passage therethrough of surface water/oil and sensing of hydrocarbonous gas which is emitted/exhaled from the oil. The apparatus thus functions effectively regardless of visual conditions because it 'smells' rather than 'sees' the oil which is present. Oil detection is signaled by the apparatus via light transmission and/or via radio transmission of location coordinates; some adrift embodiments use the Global Positioning System of satellite communication for continually updating the radio-transmitted location coordinates.

Descriptors :   *DETECTION, *OIL SPILLS, *PATENTS, DETECTORS, GASES, FRESH WATER, GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM, CONFIGURATIONS, SURFACE WATERS, LIGHT TRANSMISSION, SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS, FLUIDS, VISION, RADIO TRANSMISSION, BUOYS, ANCHORS(MARINE), SALT WATER, SMELL

Subject Categories : Miscellaneous Detection and Detectors
      Physical Chemistry
      Lubricants and Hydraulic Fluids
      Marine Engineering
      Water Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE