Accession Number : ADD018559

Title :   Chemical Compounds.

Descriptive Note : Patent, Filed 30 Mar 81, patented 20 May 97,

Corporate Author : DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Gilligan, William H

Report Date : 20 May 1997

Pagination or Media Count : 4

Abstract : This invention relates to energetic organic compounds and more particularly to halo and nitroalkyldichloro-formals. These dichloroformals are prepared by reacting the corresponding thionocarbonate of the formula (RCH(sub 2)O)(sub 2)C=S, wherein R is as defined above with Sulfuryl chloride in the presence of a Friedel-Craft catalyst (e.g., AlCl(sub 3) or TiCl(sub 4)). Another method is to react the thionocarbonate with chlorine gas in the presence of a polar additive such as 2.2.2-trifluoroethanol or acetonitrile. These energetic dichloroformals are useful as explosive and propellant ingredients and as intermediates in the synthesis of other energetic explosive and propellant ingredients.

Descriptors :   *ORGANIC COMPOUNDS, *ENERGETIC PROPERTIES, SYNTHESIS, ACETONITRILE, EXPLOSIVES, GASES, PROPELLANTS, ADDITIVES, CHLORINE, SULFUR COMPOUNDS, ETHANOLS, FRIEDEL CRAFTS REACTIONS

Subject Categories : Information Science
      Organic Chemistry
      Ammunition and Explosives

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE