Accession Number : ADD095091

Title :   An Analysis of Coexistence Curve Data for Several Binary Liquid Mixtures Near Their Critical Points,

Corporate Author : NATIONAL STANDARD REFERENCE DATA SYSTEM

Personal Author(s) : Stein, A ; Allen, G F

Report Date : Jan 1974

Pagination or Media Count : 28

Abstract : Experimental data on the coexistence curves for nine binary liquid systems, which meet strict criteria of precision, purity of components, and experimental method, are analyzed in the neighborhood of the critical point. The data are examined in terms of a general equation of state which is nonanalytic at the critical point. The results of the computer analysis using weighted non-linear least squares procedures present evidence that some symmetry features of classical equations of state remain; and within the experimental errors in the data all systems are consistent with the critical exponent Beta=0.34. The asymptotic behavior of the diameter is examined and evidence is provided for a curved diameter in some cases; however, it is concluded that the available data are not extensive enough to make a firm conclusion concerning the shape of the diameter. Experimental methods are briefly criticized and mention is made of the experimental direction that future work should take. Special attention is given to estimating the reliability of the conclusions that may be drawn from a given set of data. (Author)

Descriptors :   *BINARY COMPOUNDS, *LIQUIDS, *PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS, *EQUATIONS OF STATE, CRITICAL TEMPERATURE, DENSITY, MIXTURES, CURVES(GEOMETRY), DIAMETERS, MOLECULAR ASSOCIATION, CURVE FITTING, STATISTICAL ANALYSIS, LEAST SQUARES METHOD, ASYMPTOTIC SERIES

Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE