Accession Number : ADD095129

Title :   Critical Review of Vibrational Data and Force Field Constants for Polyethylene,

Corporate Author : NATIONAL STANDARD REFERENCE DATA SYSTEM

Personal Author(s) : Barnes, John ; Fanconi, Bruno

Report Date : Jan 1978

Pagination or Media Count : 18

Abstract : The results of a critical review of vibrational data, their assignments, and force field constants of polyethylene and the related homologous series of n-alkanes are presented. The vibrational frequencies derived from Raman spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, and neutron inelastic scattering were collected from the literature. We have reviewed the vibrational band assignments starting from the comprehensive treatment of the n-alkanes by Schachtschneider and Snyder and including subsequent reassignments. Theoretical calculations of the vibrational frequencies were reviewed with emphasis on the various models used for molecular structure and force fields. Lattice dynamical calculations of polyethylene were performed using a valence force field for intramolecular interactions and a force field derived from a nonbonded atom-atom potential function for intermolecular interactions. The molecular and lattice structural parameters were taken from x-ray and neutron diffraction studies of polyethylene and selected n-alkanes. A refinement procedure was carried out by the method of least squares on intramolecular force field constants and on parameters of a phenomenological nonbonded atom-atom potential energy function. The resulting force field constants and associated standard deviations are presented. (Author)

Descriptors :   *POLYETHYLENE, *VIBRATIONAL SPECTRA, *NUCLEAR FORCES(PHYSICS), *LATTICE DYNAMICS, ALKANES, CONSTANTS, BAND SPECTRA, FREQUENCY, MOLECULAR STRUCTURE, MOLECULE MOLECULE INTERACTIONS, VALENCE, ATOMIC PROPERTIES, POTENTIAL ENERGY, RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY, NEUTRON SCATTERING, INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY, X RAY DIFFRACTION, NEUTRON DIFFRACTION, LEAST SQUARES METHOD, STANDARD DEVIATION

Subject Categories : Organic Chemistry
      Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy
      Crystallography
      Physical Chemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE