Accession Number : ADP000688

Title :   Adjusting the Static Strength of Lumber for Changes in Moisture Content,

Corporate Author : FOREST PRODUCTS LAB MADISON WI

Personal Author(s) : Green,David W.

Report Date : 1980

Pagination or Media Count : 20

Abstract : Of the environmental factors which affect the mechanical properties of wood, one of the most important is moisture content. The development of standardized procedures for adjusting lumber strength for changes in moisture content is reviewed. Historically, the adjustment procedures for flexural properties in ASTM standard D 245-74 are shown to have been based on tests of lumber in structural sizes, with the magnitude of the adjustment being dependent upon the thickness and apparent strength of the piece. It is indicated that current adjustment procedures are based on mean strength properties that, when compared to tabulated average strength properties obtained from tests of full size lumber, were considered to be conservative for most species. A review of recent research results indicates that the magnitude of the seasoning adjustment for tensile and flexural strength of lumber is dependent upon the initial strength of the piece in the green condition. The need for an analytical model for describing the moisture content-strength relationship is stressed. Obstacles to the establishment of an effective model are discussed. Recommendations for future research in order to some of these obstacles are given. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Lumber, *Environmental tests, *Symposia, *Moisture content, Strength(General), Flexural properties, Flexural strength, Research management, Tensile strength, Models, Standardization, Green(Color), Drying, Bending stress, Modulus of elasticity, Compression

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE