Accession Number : ADP001196

Title :   The Use of Difference Fields in Processing Sensor Motion,


Personal Author(s) : Lawton,D. T. ; Rieger,J. H.

Report Date : JUN 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 7

Abstract : This paper develops a simple and robust procedure for recovering sensor motion parameters from image sequences induced by unconstrained sensor motion relative to a stationary environment. Difference vectors of optic flows approximate the orientations of the translational field lines in image areas in which there is a depth variance between the corresponding environmental points and sufficient angular separation from the translational axis. This is developed into a procedure consisting of four steps: 1) locally computing difference vectors from an optic flow field; 2) thresholding the difference vectors; 3) minimizing the angles between the difference vector field and a set of radial field lines which correspond to a particular translational axis; and 4) extracting the translational and rotational component fields given the translational axis. This procedure does not require a priori knowledge about sensor motion or structure of the scene. It depends critically on sufficient variation in depth along some visual directions to endow the flow field with discontinuities. Presented are results of applying the procedure to sparse and low resolution displacement fields.

Descriptors :   *Image processing, *Image motion compensation, *Computations, Optics, Flow fields, Stationary, Environments, Parameters, Detectors, Motion, Depth, Variations, Discontinuities, Pictures, Sequences, Low resolution, Displacement

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE