Accession Number : ADP001283

Title :   Leadership Performance Appraisal Ratings during Cadet Field Training,

Corporate Author : MILITARY ACADEMY WEST POINT NY

Personal Author(s) : Adams,Jerome ; Hicks,Jack M.

Report Date : 1981

Pagination or Media Count : 9

Abstract : All female cadets (N = 86) and a random sample of male cadets (N = 49) in the Class of 1982 were compared in terms of the performance ratings they received at Cadet Field Training (CFT). Statistically significant results from multivariate analysis of variance indicated that male cadets were evaluated more favorably than were female cadets. However, the magnitude of these gender differences was small. Other effects indicated that: (1) regular Army officers rated cadets less favorably than did more senior cadets; (2) male raters did not differ from female raters in how they rated cadets at CFT; (3) cadets in the squad member role were rated lower than cadets in leadership or administrative roles; and (4) the difference between ratings of male and female cadets was less in the squad member role than in either leader or administrator roles. A sex role stereotype interpretation was suggested for the gender effect shown with the CFT rating form. Possible directions for change in the rating form were proposed. Some cautions regarding source and context effects were suggested for Academy personnel taking action on the basis of CFT performance ratings.

Descriptors :   *Army training, *Army personnel, *Leadership, *Cadets, *Performance(Human), Males, Females, Field tests, Ratings, Comparison, Statistical analysis, Symposia

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE