Accession Number : ADP001409

Title :   A Theory and Model of Item Readability,

Corporate Author : DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Duncan,R. Eric

Report Date : 1981

Pagination or Media Count : 18

Abstract : This paper reviews the literature relevant to readability prediction, critiques past and present models of readability, and presents a comprehensive model of test-item readability. These are four basic groupings of characteristics which impact on the predictability of item readability: personal cognitive characteristics--those cognitive characteristics which each person brings into every testing situation; other personal characteristics--those motivational and tool-skill characteristics each person brings into the testing situation; environmental characteristics--the purpose and use a test will serve, that type test it is, and the conditions of equal employment opportunity surrounding the test's use; and item characteristics--those semantic and syntactic item characteristics which have been identified as predictive of item comprehensibility. A definition of the comprehension of item text and a general procedure for estimating an item's readability are also discussed. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Test construction(Psychology), *Model theory, *Reading, *Comprehension, Cognition, Predictions, Motivation, Skills, Semantics, Syntax, Linguistics, Environments, Estimates, Information processing, Symposia

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE