Accession Number : ADP001417

Title :   Social Change and the Participation of Women in the American Military,

Corporate Author : WALTER REED ARMY INST OF RESEARCH WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Segal,Mady Wechsler ; Segal,David R.

Report Date : 1981

Pagination or Media Count : 9

Abstract : The representation of women in the United States armed forces has increased from less than 2 percent of the force in 1971 to approximately 8 percent in 1981. Early in the Carter administration, it had been projected to reach 12 percent by the mid-1980s. However, opposition to this goal within the defense establishment became apparent in the late 1970s, and decisions were made during the first year of the Reagan administration to postpone further increases until the impact of greater representation of females among our military personnel could be more systematically assessed. It is our thesis that policies regarding the utilization of women in the American armed forces have resulted primarily from technological, demographic, and gender role changes. (Author)

Descriptors :   *WOMEN, *MILITARY PERSONNEL, *MANPOWER UTILIZATION, *OPERATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS, *IMPACT PREDICTION, ROLES(BEHAVIOR), MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, INTERACTIONS, GROUP DYNAMICS, INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS, BEHAVIOR, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), MISSIONS, POLICIES, SOCIOMETRICS, HISTORY, SEXUAL HARASSMENT

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE